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Giving Uncle Sam an Interest-Free Loan Costs More Than You Think

by Shawanda Greene

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An easy way to quickly get more money in your pocket is to increase the number of withholding allowances on Form W-4. By doing so, you don’t change your income. You just change the timing of when you receive your money. In the past, a compelling argument could be made to avoid receiving a large income tax refund because you could’ve earned interest on those funds during the year.

With high yield savings accounts paying interest of 1.o% to 1.5%, that argument isn’t as convincing as it used to be. Toss in the fact that you’re required to pay ordinary income taxes on that interest, and you’re almost back to zero anyway. But giving Uncle Sam an interest free loan is far more sinister than it appears.

I volunteer to teach a budgeting class for Capital Area Asset Builders, a Washington D.C. not-for-profit that focuses on helping people develop and improve money management skills. During class, I’ll bring up the importance of adjusting withholding allowances in order to receive money evenly throughout the year. You’d think I suggest the class participants cancel their cell phone service based on their reaction to this advice.

What’s so bad about receiving your money as you earn it?

While Big Brother is having his way with your hard earned cash, here is what you’re not doing:

  • You’re not paying off high interest rate debt. Forget about earning a measly 1.0% on your savings account. Credit card companies aren’t shy about charging interest rates of 20, 25, or even, 30 percentage points. That interest-free loan to the government doesn’t cost an innocent 1.0%. It costs what you paid in interest to American Express, Sallie Mae, and any other creditor you borrowed money from.
  • You’re not buying the things you need/want during the year. I’m a big believer in delayed gratification. However, if you take a portion of your income tax refund and purchase a washer/dryer after year-end, then why’d you inconvenience yourself with hauling clothes back and forth from the laundromat all year? That doesn’t make any sense.

Here are the three most popular excuses for continuing to get a big income tax refund:

  • “It’s a forced way of savings. I’ll just blow that money if I receive it throughout the year.”
  • “I might end up owing the government thousands of dollars at year-end if I miscalculate how much I owe in income taxes.”
  • “I’ll still get a huge refund, because I can’t claim more than 10 withholding allowances.”

Hogwash!!! All of it!

  • Have the extra funds direct deposited into a savings account from your paycheck with a bank that’s completely separate from the financial institution that holds your checking account. Your employer doesn’t offer this perk? Then have that money automatically transferred from your checking account to your savings account (again at a separate financial institution) no more than a business day or two after you receive your paycheck. If your bank is so antiquated you can’t set up automatic transfers, then get with the times, and find another bank.
  • If your income, deductions, and credits are fairly consistent from year to year, then I wouldn’t worry too much about owing the government a large sum of cash come April 15th. If you’re still nervous, check out Dinky Town’s income tax calculators to get a better idea of your tax obligations. To further reduce the risk of being hit with a large tax bill, adjust your withholding allowances so that you only receive 50% of the previous year’s refund during the current year. For instance, if you received a $5,000 refund in 2008, then try to get an extra $2,500 in your paychecks during 2009. Use the Payroll Deduction Calculator at Dinky Town to see how changing your allowances impacts your take home pay.
  • You can claim as many withholding allowances on Form W-4 as necessary to ensure you’re paying the appropriate amount of income tax. Many companies allow you to change your W-4 over the Internet. Some organizations cap the number of allowances you can claim on an electronically submitted W-4. Here’s what you need to do if your employer is one such organization: 1) Print out Form W-4. 2) Fill it out. 3) Walk your lazy self over to your company’s human resources or payroll department and turn the form in. It’s that simple.

I actually think it’s better to owe the government money, but not so much you’re penalized for underpayment of income taxes.

Do you receive an income tax refund every year? Why haven’t you adjusted your withholding allowances?

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{ 10 comments… read them below or add one }

Brad August 11, 2009 at 9:15 PM

This article is great! I have tried to talk my friends into not giving the Government interest free loans and I get the same reaction you did. People are so programmed these days. People do not like change and will continue to do the same stuff over and over again, all while complaining about the results. For this argument people complain about not having enough money or needing a raise, yet they could get more of their own money but choose not to.

Reply

Shawanda Greene August 13, 2009 at 11:40 PM

Thank you, Brad. It’s hard to change people’s minds. I’ll take my money as earn it.

Reply

Deb August 11, 2009 at 10:00 PM

Right on, woman! I was in that group of unenlightened folks at one time – I was so happy to get nearly $3K back every year. Couldn’t wait to send my return in, checked the mailbox eagerly…..and then, one day……. the lightbulb went on. ‘Huh….say WHAT!? I could be maxing out my darned Roth IRA via dollar cost averaging every month , rather than giving an interest free loan to dear Uncle Sam!? Oh please, that’s a no brainer!’

Reply

Shawanda Greene August 13, 2009 at 11:43 PM

Deb! Glad to see you back. I thought about the whole dollar cost averaging thing. Seems like you minimize your risk of missing out on upswings in the market if you invest consistently throughout the year.

Reply

Torrey August 14, 2009 at 6:21 PM

I am right with you on this. I don’t know how many people I have helped budget and asking them to adjust withholding is like asking to sacrifice a child. They mistake a refund as a bonus!

Reply

hustler August 17, 2009 at 5:02 AM

Last year I recieved a rather large tax refund and immediately changed my w-4. Hopefully this year I’ll come out even. Like Deb, I’d rather put it towards my roth IRA.

Reply

Deb December 11, 2009 at 8:55 PM

Well darn it, in spite of increased withholdings, I got a huge tax refund this year. I mean HUGE. And I filed late, which means I lent that $$ to Uncle Sam interest free for even longer than I should have! I know most people would be thrilled with a big return – my mom said "It's forced savings, how can you lose?".

I lose because I don't need Uncle Sam to force me to save, I could have saved that $$ all year long with earned interest in my own pocket. Time to readjust!

Hey, girl, your blog is great – keep up the good work! And keep smiling that beautiful smile of yours.

Reply

TheyCallMeCheap December 14, 2009 at 5:24 AM

Thanks for the kind words, Deb! People love big tax refunds. It's so hard to convince them to take hold of and control their money throughout the year. Uncle Sam will have plenty of time of mismanage my tax dollars. I'm sure as heck not going to loan them to him without charging for the privilege.

Reply

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